periods and digestion

Many women probably don’t think there could be a connection between periods and digestion. However, there are some women who experience digestive symptoms every time they get their period. These symptoms can include stomach pain, cramping, bloating, nausea, and diarrhea.

How Your Period May Affect Your Bowels

Let’s be honest: no one wants to talk about their periods and digestion. However, it’s a fact that women experience a change when their periods are approaching. There was a study in 2014 that stated abdominal pain and diarrhea were the most common period-related digestive symptoms experienced either before, during, or after their cycle. 24 percent of women reported they experienced diarrhea before starting their periods, and 28 percent experienced diarrhea after their period had started. But why does this occur and what can we do to battle this inconvenient “PMS” symptom?

The Role of Prostaglandins in Digestion Issues

The exact reasons why diarrhea and constipation may occur during your period aren’t fully understood, but there is one common theory that suggests your hormones may be to blame. Prostaglandins, chemical compounds found in your body that are comprised of fatty acids and are similar to hormones, are released during your period that allow the uterus, as well as your intestines, to contract and restrict.

During menstruation, prostaglandins stimulate your uterus to contract, which helps encourage the shedding of the uterine lining also known as your period. Diarrhea can happen when prostaglandins begin to relax smooth muscle tissues as menstruation begins.

Hormones, Digestion, and You

During the second half of the menstrual cycle, your body makes an increased amount of progesterone, which can slow down contractions near your intestines and interfere with how quickly digested food moves through your intestines. Unfortunately, this may cause bloating, fullness, and even constipation.

When progesterone levels drop, bowel contractions may increase and food may pass quicker than before. In addition to prostaglandins, constricting, this can cause diarrhea that may either last for a few hours to a few days, during or before your period.

The two main factors here are the increase in progesterone and the affect prostaglandins have on your uterine muscles and lining. These two issues may be at odds with your intestines and digestion which can cause diarrhea, constipation, bloating, and gas buildup.

What Can I Do To Avoid Bowel Issues During Menstruation?

If you’ve ever felt a rumbling in your digestive tract, there are many ways to help battle these issues. A few of them may include:

  1. Eat foods rich in fiber – Try consuming foods that are high in fiber such as: avocados, raspberries, artichokes, lentils, kidney beans, split peas, chickpeas, oats, popcorn, almonds, chia seeds, leafy greens like spinach, and dark chocolate.
  2. Drink plenty of water – Water can help prevent constipation, keeps you hydrated if you have diarrhea, and improves overall digestive health.
  3. Exercise regularly – Exercise helps constipation by decreasing the time it takes digested food to move through the large intestine, thus limiting the amount of water absorbed from the stool into the body.
  4. Manage stress – Stress can cause irregular periods, bowel issues, stomach ulcers, constipation, inflammation to the digestive tract, etc.
  5. Track your symptoms – Make sure to track your digestive issues like diarrhea, bloating and constipation to make it easier to explain to your doctor what you’ve been experiencing.
  6. Practice Yoga – There are many poses and positions that can help aid in digestion and reduce gas and bloating. Yoga can also reduce stress and decrease pelvic pain.
  7. Limit fatty foods – Candy and sugary snacks can contribute to bloating and gas. Fatty foods can cause both diarrhea or constipation by speeding up or slowing down how food is processed.
  8. Keep to a schedule – Eating a heavy breakfast early in the morning can cause bowels to be overstimulate and midnight snacking could cause loose bowels as well.
  9. Skip alcohol – Alcohol can irritate the stomach lining causing stomach pain and loose bowels. Alcohol can also cause irregular period by temporarily increasing hormone levels.
  10. Try natural probiotics – Battle against your bowel issues caused by your period with probiotic foods: yogurt, ginger, kimchi, chia seed, sauerkraut, pickles, and kombucha.

When Bowel Issues Could Mean Something More

There are many reasons why your bowels may feel off during or around your period. One aspect to consider is a uterine fibroid. Fibroids are benign tumors that develop within the uterus or uterine lining. They can cause frequent urination, difficulty emptying your bladder, constipation, or a protruding belly that resembles bloating. Depending on the fibroids’ size and location, they may enlarge the uterus, pushing on the intestines and bladder.

Many women don’t think that fibroids will affect them; however, between 70 to 80 percent of women will develop fibroids before the age of 50. Everyone experiences fibroids differently, some women don’t experience pain, while others will experience immense discomfort that negatively impacts their everyday life. Other symptoms of fibroids may include:

  • Heavy periods lasting more than 10 days per month
  • Fatigue caused by anemia
  • Pain during sex
  • Bleeding between menstrual cycles
  • Lower back or leg pain

Contact Us

If you think you may have fibroids or just want to get checked, schedule an appointment with us to learn more about your symptoms. Our experienced fibroid doctors use advanced ultrasound technology to diagnose fibroids. If you do have fibroids, our doctors will create a personalized treatment plan that fits your individual needs. Fibroid treatment can shrink fibroids, reducing symptoms such as heavy periods, frequent urination, constipation, a protruding belly, and more.

Call us at 855.615.2555 or click the button below to schedule today.

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