Uterine Fibroids and Infertility
Once you have been diagnosed with uterine fibroids, your next question might be, “How does this affect my fertility?” The location of your uterine fibroids may impact your fertility; therefore, it’s important to be able to recognize the symptoms of uterine fibroids so that you and your doctor can decide on a treatment plan.
What Are Uterine Fibroids?
Uterine fibroids are benign tumors that form in your uterus. Also known as myomas or leiomyomas, fibroids come in different shapes, sizes, and locations. Some women may only have one fibroid or a few, while others could have multiple. There are also different types of fibroids based on where they’re found in the uterus or cervix, which is what determines whether infertility can occur. The types include:
- Subserosal: Found in the outer wall of the uterus.
- Intramural: Found in the muscular layers of the uterine wall.
- Submucosal: Found in the uterine cavity.
How Fibroid Tumors Can Cause Infertility
Infertility due to fibroids depends on how and where your fibroids are growing. Many women who have uterine fibroids go on to become pregnant, while others may face difficulty. For example, submucosal fibroids disrupt implantation and embryo growth, which can lead to infertility or loss of a pregnancy.
If your fibroids get big enough to change the shape of your uterus, you could also suffer from infertility. The presence of fibroids can hurt your chances of IVF success as well.
Other ways fibroid tumors can lead to infertility include:
- Changing the shape of your cervix, allowing less sperm to enter
- Changing the shape of the uterus that blocks the movement of sperm or an embryo
- Blocking fallopian tubes
- Impacting the size of the uterine cavity lining
- Reducing blood flow to the uterine cavity, which then won’t allow an embryo to implant
Fibroid Tumors Infertility Treatment
At USA Fibroid Centers, we believe that women shouldn’t have to choose between giving up their ability to have children and a major surgery. Many of our patients have told us that they avoided seeking fibroid treatment because they didn’t want to go through an invasive surgery like hysterectomy or myomectomy. Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) is a non-surgical, outpatient procedure that shrinks fibroids, thus alleviating uncomfortable symptoms. UFE is used to treat fibroids that may be affecting your fertility. Our interventional radiologists are experienced with handling fertility issues caused by uterine fibroids. It only takes 30-45 minutes, and you can resume normal activities within five to seven days.
Contact USA Fibroid Centers
Infertility due to fibroids isn’t permanent, there are treatment options that give you more options for the future. Contact USA Fibroid Centers to learn more about fibroid tumors and infertility, or take our symptom quiz right away if you’re not sure whether you have uterine fibroids.