bleeding between periods

Bleeding between periods, also known as intermenstrual bleeding or spotting, can be a distressing symptom for many women. While there are various potential causes, one common factor is the presence of uterine fibroids. Uterine fibroids, or leiomyomas, are non-cancerous growths that develop in the uterus. Understanding the relationship between fibroids and abnormal bleeding can help women manage their symptoms and seek appropriate treatment. One effective treatment option for fibroids causing bleeding is Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE).

What Are Uterine Fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are benign tumors made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue. They can vary greatly in size, from tiny seedlings to large masses that distort and enlarge the uterus. Fibroids are classified based on their location within the uterus:

  • Intramural fibroids: Grow within the muscular wall of the uterus.
  • Submucosal fibroids: Extend into the uterine cavity.
  • Subserosal fibroids: Project to the outside of the uterus.
  • Pedunculated fibroids: Attached to the uterus by a stalk-like structure.

How Fibroids Cause Bleeding Between Periods

  1. Disruption of Uterine Lining:
    • Submucosal Fibroids: These fibroids grow into the uterine cavity and can disrupt the endometrial lining. This disruption can cause irregular bleeding, including spotting between periods.
  2. Hormonal Imbalance:
    • Estrogen Influence: Fibroids are estrogen-sensitive and can cause hormonal imbalances that affect the menstrual cycle. This can lead to heavier menstrual bleeding and intermenstrual spotting.
  3. Increased Blood Supply:
    • Vascular Changes: Fibroids can increase the blood supply to the uterus, leading to more fragile blood vessels in the uterine lining. This increased vascularity can cause bleeding between periods.
  4. Uterine Pressure:
    • Large Fibroids: When fibroids grow large, they can exert pressure on the uterine lining and adjacent structures, leading to irregular bleeding patterns.

Symptoms to Watch For

In addition to bleeding between periods, fibroids can cause a range of other symptoms, which may include:

  • Heavy and prolonged menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia).
  • Pelvic pain or pressure.
  • Frequent urination or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Constipation or bloating.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Pain during intercourse.

When to See a Doctor

It’s essential to consult a healthcare provider if you experience:

  • Persistent or heavy bleeding between periods.
  • Menstrual cycles that are significantly longer or shorter than usual.
  • Severe pelvic pain or discomfort.
  • Symptoms of anemia, such as fatigue, weakness, or pale skin.

Understanding Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE)

One highly effective treatment for fibroids, especially those causing abnormal bleeding, is Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE). UFE is a minimally invasive procedure performed by an interventional radiologist.

How UFE Works:

  • Procedure: During UFE, a tiny catheter is inserted through a small incision in the groin or wrist and guided to the uterine arteries that supply blood to the fibroids. Tiny particles are then injected through the catheter to block these arteries, cutting off the blood supply to the fibroids. As a result, the fibroids shrink and die.
  • Benefits: UFE is effective in reducing symptoms of fibroids, including heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, and pressure. It preserves the uterus and has a shorter recovery time compared to surgical options.
  • Recovery: Most women can return to normal activities within a week. Some post-procedure symptoms, like cramping and mild pain, are common but usually manageable with medication.

Why Choose UFE?

  • Minimally Invasive: No large incisions, leading to less pain and quicker recovery.
  • Effective: High success rate in reducing symptoms caused by fibroids.
  • Preserves Uterus: An option for women who wish to avoid hysterectomy.
  • Shorter Hospital Stay: Often performed as an outpatient procedure or with a short hospital stay.

Schedule a Consultation with USA Fibroid Centers

Bleeding between periods can be a troubling symptom, and uterine fibroids are a common underlying cause. Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) offers a minimally invasive and effective treatment option for women suffering from fibroid-related bleeding and other symptoms. If you experience spotting between periods along with other symptoms of fibroids, consult with a doctor at USA Fibroid Centers for a thorough evaluation and to discuss whether UFE might be the right treatment for you. Early intervention can help manage symptoms, improve quality of life, and ensure better overall reproductive health.