You may have just read this title and instantly had a sinking feeling in the pit of your stomach. If you’ve had a uterine fibroid diagnosis the question “Can fibroids rupture?”, may be on the top of your list. The simple answer is; while rare, a fibroid can indeed rupture and cause painful symptoms. Before you start hyperventilating, we want to reassure you that burst fibroids have an incredibly low chance of happening, and you have options if they do occur. The best course of action is to be as informed as you can in case this does occur. This guide will explain what happens when a fibroid ruptures and what to expect if you have a ruptured fibroid.

What Is a Burst Fibroid?

When you have uterine fibroids, you have noncancerous growths in or on your uterus. Fibroids may cause symptoms depending on their size and position. While some women with fibroids have few or no symptoms, others have debilitating health issues. In the majority of cases, fibroids are not life-threatening. However, they can cause severe complications if they rupture. A burst fibroid happens when a fibroid breaks open. Since fibroids have blood vessels and nerves, they can bleed and cause abdominal pain when they rupture.

How Does a Fibroid Rupture?

According to research and case studies, the causes of a ruptured fibroid can include:

  • An increase in blood pressure or abdominal pressure
  • Twisting in a fibroid that has a stalk
  • An injury that tears the fibroid from the uterus
  • The fibroid growing too large for its existing blood supply

Medical professionals don’t quite understand why ruptured fibroids occur since they have so few cases to examine.

Are Burst Fibroids Dangerous?

Ruptured fibroids can cause severe complications if they go untreated. When a fibroid bursts, it causes acute blood loss that can become life-threatening. If you have fibroids and experience sudden and severe abdominal pain, see a medical professional right away. This symptom could indicate a burst fibroid or another serious issue. Ruptured fibroids can also cause serious health risks if you are pregnant. An increase of blood pressure within the veins can cause a fibroid to burst during pregnancy. It’s important to track changes in symptoms and alert a fibroid specialist immediately if there are.

How Do I Reduce My Risk of Ruptured Fibroids?

Since ruptured fibroids have such a low rate of occurrence, medical professionals can’t give advice on preventing their direct causes. However, you can address potential or existing fibroids by:

  • Getting an examination for fibroids: If you don’t have a fibroid diagnosis but suspect you have them, a medical professional can examine you. In many cases, you can receive a non-invasive examination through the use of ultrasound.
  • Receiving treatment for your existing fibroids: You may have the option to get minimally invasive treatment for your fibroids. A procedure like Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) can provide relief without requiring large incisions.

In addition to lowering your risk of fibroid rupture, getting fibroid treatment can also relieve existing symptoms.

How Can I Treat Burst Fibroids?

If you think you have a burst fibroid, seek immediate medical attention. Ruptured fibroid symptoms often cause enough concern to motivate patients to find emergency care in the first place. It’s important to consult your fibroid specialist after your hospital visit to discuss the next steps.

Get Fibroid Diagnosis and Treatment at USA Fibroid Centers

At USA Fibroid Centers, we help patients across the United States find relief from uterine fibroids. We use minimally invasive methods to diagnose and treat fibroids. Our FDA-approved, non-surgical treatments can address your symptoms with the least impact on your body. If you need a fibroid diagnosis or treatment, we encourage you to schedule an appointment online at one of our locations.