women with fibroids back pain

Let’s face it. Fibroids can cause pain and discomfort, and they can also interfere with your personal and work life, cause unpredictable symptoms, and affect your chances of getting pregnant. Likewise, if you are close to menopause, fibroids can also cause pain and discomfort.

When most people first think of uterine fibroid symptoms, they usually picture common issues like heavy bleeding, frequent urination, bloating, cramping, pain in the uterus and lower back, or bleeding between periods. However, a lesser-known symptom of uterine fibroids is lower back pain and pressure that becomes more persistent as the fibroids grow.

Below, we discuss fibroids and back pain, along with fibroids and leg pain. If you are wondering whether fibroids may be causing your symptoms, take our symptoms quiz.

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Common Fibroid Pain Locations

Uterine fibroids can cause pain and discomfort in areas throughout a woman’s body. A research study found that women with fibroids were more likely to report moderate or severe pain during sex, and even noncyclic pelvic pain (pelvic pain unassociated with other conditions) than women without fibroids.  

Severity of symptoms depends on the size, location, and the number of fibroids present. Below are some of the common causes of pain from different types of uterine fibroids:

  • Intramural and submucosal fibroids inside your uterus can distort its shape
  • Subserosal fibroids located on the outside of your uterus can press against your bladder, rectum, or spinal nerves, causing back pain, abdominal pressure, and swelling
  • Pedunculated fibroids are attached by stalk-like growths either inside or outside of your uterus that may become twisted
  • Fibroids can put pressure on the sciatic nerve causing back pain which can also radiate through the buttocks, hips, and legs, as well as pain in uterus and lower back

If you are experiencing pain or discomfort due to fibroids, it may be time to explore your treatment options for ​​how to get rid of fibroid back pain.


Can Fibroids Cause Back, Leg, and Hip Pain?

Fibroids can cause pain in your back, legs, and pelvis because they can compress the nerves, veins, or arteries in your pelvic region. When these stay compressed, the pain can spread to your hips, down your legs, and into your lower back. It becomes a more serious condition when you have severe pelvic pain coupled with bleeding.

If you experience back, leg, or pelvic pain, we recommend consulting with a fibroid specialist to determine its underlying cause. 

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Where Else Can Fibroids Cause Pain?

Women with large fibroids often experience pelvic and/or abdominal discomfort. This may present as severe pain localized to a specific spot, or can be mild but affect a larger area of the body. 

In addition to abdominal discomfort, some women with large fibroids may endure pain during sex. Depending on your individual situation, you may feel pain only in certain positions or constant pain throughout intercourse. We want women to know that pain during sex is not normal and should be investigated. A pelvic exam or ultrasound can determine whether fibroids or another health condition is causing intercourse to be painful.

Some women with fibroids experience headaches due to anemia. Iron-deficiency anemia, a common symptom of fibroids, is a condition in which you lack enough red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen throughout your body. 

Fibroids can also cause abdominal pain that negatively impacts your digestive system. If a fibroid is large enough, it can push down on the rectum, making bowel movements difficult which may cause constipation. Excessive rectal pressure due to constipation can also result in hemorrhoids, which occur due to swollen veins in the anus.

Check out the video below to gain a better understanding of what to expect with fibroid pain.

Treatment for Fibroids Causing Back or Leg Pain

If you suffer from back and leg pain or pain in the uterus and lower back due to fibroids, we want you to know that help is available. Instead of just treating chronic symptoms, treatment can address their underlying cause: the fibroids themselves, which can alleviate symptoms altogether.

Wondering how to get rid of fibroid back pain? At USA Fibroid Centers, we offer a minimally invasive treatment called Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE). UFE can shrink your fibroids, relieve your back and leg pain, and improve your quality of life. 

Unlike fibroid surgery, UFE is performed in an outpatient setting. This means that you can begin your recovery in the comfort of your own home. Most women are back to their normal activities within the first week or two.

Explore Your Treatment Options at USA Fibroid Centers

At USA Fibroid Centers, our leading fibroid specialists will evaluate your fibroid back pain symptoms. To ensure a clear diagnosis, they may suggest further imaging or testing such as an ultrasound or MRI. After an initial consultation, they will make treatment recommendations that will fit your needs and lifestyle.

Visiting one of our treatment centers is both easy and convenient. We have locations throughout the country, along with virtual doctor appointments. To get started, call 855.615.2555 or schedule an appointment online. There is no need to suffer from fibroid-related leg and back pain any longer. 

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Reviewed by Dr. Aaron Shiloh, a board-certified interventional radiologist with experience in performing Uterine Fibroid Embolization. The Society of Interventional Radiology gave Dr. Shiloh a fellowship, a distinguished honor bestowed upon only the top 10% of doctors in his area.