What are intramural fibroids and how to you treat them?

What are Intramural Fibroids?

Intramural fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow in the muscles of the uterus. This specific kind of fibroid embeds within the wall and can grow large if left untreated. It is common to have multiple intramural fibroids located in the same area. Doctors are not sure what causes the development of uterine fibroids; however, a common theory is that fibroids are caused by abnormal cells in the wall of the uterus.

Women are most likely to develop fibroids during the ages of 18-35 and may or may not experience symptoms. Fibroid growth is influenced by genetics, hormonal changes, and lifestyle; although these factors continue to be debated among interventional radiologists and researchers. The most common type of uterine fibroids is an intramural fibroid.

Diagram of an intramural uterine fibroid.

Intramural fibroids are classified into the following categories:

  • Anterior – Those located in the front of uterus are known as anterior intramural fibroids
  • Posterior – Those located in the back of the uterus are known as posterior intramural fibroids
  • Fundal – Those located in the upper part of the uterus are known as fundal intramural fibroids.

Additional Types of Fibroids

Subserosal fibroids: This type of fibroid grows on the outside of the uterus and is most often associated with an enlarged uterus. Because the subserosal fibroid is not located in the uterus, it has a lot of room to grow and may become as large as a grapefruit before symptoms begin.

Submucousal fibroids: These are often uncommon and develop in both the uterine wall and the uterus. Women who suffer from submucousal fibroids experience heavy bleeding during and in between their menstrual periods.

Pedunculated fibroids: Subserosal fibroids have the ability to grow what look like stalks that connect the fibroid to the uterus, also known as a penduculated fibroid. This fibroid type can be very painful if the stalk becomes twisted.

A labeled medical diagram or types of Uterine Fibroids.

Facts About Intramural Fibroids

Intramural fibroids are very common and can often go undetected if they do not produce painful or uncomfortable symptoms. However, symptomatic intramural fibroids can cause pelvic pain, lower back pain, heavy periods, or bleeding in between periods. Depending on the size, an intramural fibroid can have a negative affect the bladder and bowels by putting pressure on them. This can cause frequent urination, difficulty emptying the bladder if it’s severely compressed, and constipation.

A common complaint of intramural fibroids is that they make the uterus feel larger or heavier. If the intramural fibroid grows large enough, women may notice a protruding abdomen often mistaken as pregnancy or weight gain. Both intramural and submucosal fibroids can affect conceiving. In some cases, intramural fibroids can affect a woman’s ability to maintain a pregnancy. The good news is these fibroids can be treated and most women experience complete relief from their symptoms.

Treating Intramural Fibroids

At USA Fibroid Centers our doctors offer a non-surgical treatment for uterine fibroids called Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE). This procedure is performed by an interventional radiologist in our outpatient clinics, without the need for a hospital stay or long recovery. Our doctors begin the procedure by administering a light sedative and then making a small incision in the groin area. An ultrasound will be used to guide a catheter through the incision and into the uterine artery supplying blood to the fibroids. Once the artery has been located, tiny particles will flow through the catheter and block the blood supply to the fibroid. This will cause the fibroid to shrink and eventually die.

During this procedure, our doctors use live ultrasound guidance to treat the fibroids. After, they will remove the catheter and place a bandage on the incision. Due to the fact that they incision and needle are so small, stitches and general anesthesia is not required. You will then be able to go home to finish your recovery, which takes between one to two weeks. Most women begin to feel better and will resume normal activities after two to five days.

The UFE procedure is attractive to many women because it does not involve surgery and it allows women to keep their uterus. Many of our patients can expect to start seeing results within the first month following treatment. Find relief for your uterine fibroids today by contacting USA Fibroid Centers today. Give us a call (855) 615-2555 or visit our website www.USAFibroidCenters.com to schedule online.

Read more about Intramural Fibroids HERE and take our Fibroid Symptom Checker.